Total Knee Arthroplasty, also called a total knee replacement, is a surgical procedure that resurfaces a knee damaged by arthritis. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults, is the most common indication for knee replacement. Osteoarthritis causes the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees.
Bi-Lateral Knee Replacement Surgery can be simultaneous or staged. Simultaneous bilateral knee replacement is when both knees are replaced during the same surgery. When each knee is replaced during a different surgery, it is called a staged bilateral knee replacement. In some cases, your surgeon may recommend simultaneous surgery to optimize your outcome. However, in most cases, patient preference is the main consideration.
Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty surgery is performed when a prior knee replacement has failed. Possible causes include loosening of the implants, infection, malalignment, instability and normal wear and tear. During this procedure, part or all of the old knee replacement is removed and replaced again